Конструктивні особливості бронювання автомобілів. CONSTRUCTIVE FEATURES OF CAR ARMOURING

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Paper provides a brief historical reference on the creation of armoured vehicles. The relevance of armouring of means of moving people and cargoes is considered. There are historical examples of vehicles armouring. The countries-originators of cars armouring and the initial experience of their use in the First World War are noted. The directions and general technical requirements for the secret amour of socalled “civilian” armored cars are presented. The constructive features of car armouring of both serial cars and vehicles created for specific customer requirements are described. The description of processes of factory and cars armouring is given. Attention is focused on the principal differences and features, the pros and cons of such cars armouring are evaluated. Methods and options used in the creation of armored vehicles for the transportation of special vehicles are considered. The approaches to armour the cars and trucks are described. Various options for armour of cars for transportation of special vehicles are estimated. There are examples of the increasement of the cost of the car after armouring. The levels of secret car armouring are updated depending on the goals, cost of the work, the probability of attack and modern technical capabilities. The protective properties of the car armour made in accordance with the developed project of its armour protection have been evaluated. The examples of modern materials used for armouring cars are given, and their capabilities are assessed depending on the attack options on the object and the characteristics of the probable means of destruction. The so-called “opaque armour”, multilayer polymers and bullet-resistant glass are described. Examples of breakage of armour by means of defeat are given. The capabilities of various modern sniper complexes are evaluated and potential ways of protection against their use are analyzed. The constructive features of creating cars with secret armour are systematized in accordance with an improvement of the means of destruction, the capabilities of modern materials for armour protection and the trends of technical progress. An importance of using armoured cars is shown. General requirements for cars with secret armour are described: its so-called “armored capsules”, glass, door locks and hinges, engine and its systems, transmission, running gear, wheels, luggage compartment, bumpers, life support systems and a driver’s view. Several recommendations for the constructive features of secret car armouring are formulated depending on the specific requirements that will be applied to it. Attention is drawn to the importance of the issues of preserving mobility, safety, convenience and the specifics of driving an armored car.
бронеавтомобілі, бронювання, бронескло, засоби захисту, броньовані легкові автомобілі, armoured vehicles, armour, armoured glass, protective equipment, armoured cars