Моделювання процесу формування мотивації злочинної поведінки особи.Українська Русский English (UK) Legal psychology Home Become an author Contacts Issue №1 - 2014 Legal education and the learning process in higher education Theoretical and methodological problems of legal psychology and pedagogy Psychology of Law Enforcement Psychological and pedagogical problems working with delinkventamy Resume Issue №1 - 2015 Theoretical and methodological problems of juridical psychology Law education and the process of study in the higher educational establishments Psychology of law enforcement activities Psychological problems of work with delinkventamy Resume Issue №2 - 2015 Theoretical and methodological issues of legal psychology Psychological support of law enforcement Psychology of operational, investigative and judicial activities Psychological issues of work with delinquent persons Issue №1 - 2016 Theoretical and methodological issues of legal psychology Psychological support of law enforcement Law enforcement psychology and law enforcement activity Psychological issues of work with delinquent persons Issue №2 - 2016 Theoretical and methodological issues of legal psychology Psychological support of law enforcement remont-domu.ru Criminal and Psychological Characteristics of an Intentional Serial Killer Volodymyr Medvediev – Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor of the Department of Legal Psychology of the National Academy of Internal Affairs; Olena Levenets – Ph.D in Psychology, Professor of the Department of Legal Psychology of the National Academy of Internal Affairs The article deals with the problem of criminal psychological characteristics of intentional murderer, which involves the study of psychological mechanisms of illegal behavior, motivation of violent crimes, individual psychological and social factors and situational reactions of a criminal. Generalized typology should be based on three main characteristics: motivation, modus operandi, the number of malicious attempts on the life. Important psychological and legal characteristics of a serial killer are usually the similarity of motives and methods of committing crimes. Personalities of serial killer tend to be cautious, minimize risk, usually are able to role transformation, have well-developed anticipation (the ability to foresee the consequences), self-control, imagination and fantasy. They are also good at watchful planning of criminal actions and emotional indifference towards victims. In this article, the following characteristics of serial murders are described: periodic updating of criminal aggression (the killer never stops on what he has committed on his own initiative); redundancy of criminal aggression (murder is necessarily accompanied by acts of violence, humiliating the victim); high mobility after committing the murder (killer quickly disappears from the crime scene as far as possible); singularity of victim («one episode» – «one victim»), committing of murder without co-participants (except the couples which has family or sexual relationships), absence of witnesses. Thus, in the basis of the criminal-psychological classification of personality of offender there are such characteristics as dominant personality, his motives, goals and modus operandi, the degree of antisocial personality and the character of antisocial orientation. Keywords: personality of offender; intentional murder; serial killer; psychological structure of a crime; value orientations of offender; motivation of violent crimes. View the full article Modeling of Person’s Criminal Behavior Motivation Formation Process

Досліджено питання моделювання процесів формування мотиву окремої поведінкової дії та мотивації життєдіяльності. Здійснено аналіз моделі формування мотиву В. В. Лунєєва та В. М. Кудрявцева, на основі осмислення яких спочатку створено лінійно-паралельну власну графічну модель, а потім за аналогією з моделлю «рефлекторного кільця» Н. А. Бернштейна – авторську кільцеву модель формування мотиву та мотивації.Исследованы вопросы моделирования процессов формирования мотива отдельного поведенческого акта и мотивации жизнедеятельности. Осуществлен анализ модели формирования мотива В. В. Лунеева и В. Н. Кудрявцева, на основе осмысления которых сначала создана линейно-параллельная собственная графическая модель, а потом по аналогии с моделью «рефлекторного кольца» Н. А. Бернштейна – авторская кольцевая модель формирования мотива и мотивации.This article is dedicated to the modeling of particular behavior motive and life motivation formation processes. It analyzes motive formation models by V. V. Luneyev and V. M. Kudriavtsev, and on their basis it, at first, creates its own linear-parallel model, and then turns it into author’s circular motive and motivation formation model by the analogy with N. A. Bernstein’s «reflex ring» model. The significant part in this study is apportioned for the place of the system of values in motive formation process. The division of the system of values into «terminal» and «instrumental» parts, offered by Y. Rokach, allows to respectively distinguish motive formation processes for a particular interaction and life motivations, where the system of values acts as an indicator of reference. Respectively inclusion of motive ring of particular singular action as en element of bigger more complex circle lets us speak not of action motive, but of activity motivation. In this case terminal system of values acts as an indicator of reference. Bernstein has only described such second-order ring, but in none of his published works he has depicted it. The author of this article was brave enough to depict it and, as the result, he has obtained the final variation of life motivation model. This model describes only «internal» processes, that take place in the course of motive and motivation formation, and quite indirectly considers social factors, though in his text the author describes V. M. Kudriavtsev’s ideas he has adopted for this purpose. In particular V. M. Kudriavtsev in his work «Crime genesis. Experience of criminological modeling» examines correlation between lawful and unlawful ways to resolve problematic situation. He brought the results of his studies into the chart with the following correlation variants: a)there is no problematic situation; b) problematic situation exists and there is only a lawful way to resolve it; c) problematic situation exists and there is only an unlawful way to resolve it; d) problematic situation exists and there are both lawful and unlawful ways to resolve it; e) problematic situation exists and there are no ways to resolve it. The author thinks that one more variant should be added to the correlation, that «objectively problematic situation doesn’t exist, but it's being perceived as though it does», in this case we will get four variants analogical to «b», «c», «d», «e». Subjective approach to the capability of need realization can create a case when problematic situation can emerge as the result of the conflict between subjectively assessed capabilities and the reality. At the next stage after estimation of the situation, a person sets tasks aimed at need realization for itself. As an exception, a person can give up on need realization when: in the process of estimation of action aimed at need realization the person realizes that the need itself is not real, but imaginary. the person realizes that the need itself is criminal. the person realizes impossibility of lawful realization of the need. the person realizes impossibility of realization of the need in the given situation, but understands that it is possible to create a situation when the need can be realized. In this case a cycle of actions aimed at creation of such favorable situation begins to form. Taking into consideration the above mentioned the author comes to the conclusion that the task setting stage is composed of analysis of a purpose for action, and also of analysis of the way for reaching this purpose. As it was said earlier, usually, a set of ways for reaching a purpose is reflected in person’s system of values. Moreover the definition «instrumental system of values», offered by Rokach, itself indicates the existence of special part within the system that contains a set of tools for reaching the desired result.
мотив, мотивація, термінальна система цінностей, інструментальна система цінностей, формування потреби, становлення мотиву, цілеутворення, вибір способів досягнення цілі, прогноз можливих дій та наслідків., мотив, мотивация, терминальная система ценностей, инструментальная система ценностей, формирование потребности, становление мотива, целоеобразование;, выбор путей достижения цели, прогноз возможных действий и последствий, motive, motivation, terminal system of values, instrumental system of values, need formation, motive inception, goal formation, goal reaching way assortment, possible actions and outcomes prognosis